George and William Haynes make their first flutes on 147 Tremont Street, Boston.
The price for a standard model flute was $165.00.
George Haynes invents a drawn tonehole manufacturing technique on an alto flute in F. This flute was made from silver dollars and a $20 gold piece.
William Sherman and George Haynes worked together as jewelers and then for the first time making a flute at the request of member of the Boston Symphony. He handed them a flute and asked if they would make a copy of the flute. The flute was a wood flute, most likely a Boehm Mendler flute. Initially, all of their flutes were wood flutes. At this time, William and George worked for the JC Haynes Company (no relationship to the Haynes brothers) and were considered the heart and soul of the manufacturing arm. They established the start date for the Wm. S. Haynes Company at 1888. During this time, Haynes and his brother made a solid gold flute with silver keys. (The JC Haynes Company also imported other instruments and sold sheet music.) Later the JC Haynes company was sold to the Oliver Ditson Company.
A wooden Haynes flute sells for $130.
Haynes makes E-flat flutes on special order.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company moves to 42 Stanhope Street, Boston.
The Haynes factory re-locates at 70 Washington Street, Boston.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company moves its showroom to 61 Hannover Street, Boston while the factory re-locates at 5 Elm Street, Boston.
In 1913, he created a breakthrough in design for the method of drawing toneholes that set Haynes flutes above the rest. This breakthrough, which resulted in an application for a patent that corrected a design flaw that had troubled flutemakers and players up until that time. Although the patent was rejected because the alto flute made in 1898 already used this technique and other manufactures were already beginning to use Haynes' technique, it proved that William Haynes had a great idea. Through a combination of classic detailed hand-craftsmanship and innovation in design and technique, William S. Haynes set a standard that prevails to this day at the flute workshop that still bears his name.
Haynes makes its first solid gold flute. This flute was made in 18k gold flute.
Verne Q. Powell is employed by Haynes and eventually becomes the company director.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company makes its first solid silver piccolo.
Responding to many requests from American bands for A-flat piccolos, Haynes develops an A-flat piccolo.
Haynes moves to 34 Columbus Avenue, Boston.
The next major step in flutemaking happened when George Barrere, then principal flutist with the New York Symphony (later to merge with the New York Philharmonic), befriended William Haynes and became the artist advisor to the company. Together they developed the American version of the French Model, the open tonehole flute. The initial models had "Y" arms, but the later experimental flutes had French style pointed key cups. They carefully studied the existing flutes being made in France and made modifications that improved both the sound and functionality of these flutes. During this time-period, orders for silver flutes eclipsed and almost eliminated wooden flutes.
Haynes introduced the soldered tonehole model and popularized this flute worldwide. Major flutists gravitated to the Haynes for it's sound and reliable mechanics. During this time, Haynes' logbooks show sales to a number of famous players, including Barrere (New York Symphony), Kincaid (Philadelphia Orchestra), Laurent (Boston Symphony), and Wummer (New York Philharmonic).
Haynes moves to 135 Columbus Avenue, Boston.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company opens a branch showroom in Manhattan, New York. Dayton C. Miller – physicist, astronomer, acoustician, and amateur flutist, begins a long relationship with Wm. S. Haynes.
Haynes makes the Georges Barrere model flute and Barrere is appointed as Artistic Supervisor.
The price for a custom-made French model silver flute is $200.
Haynes begins to make silver clarinets.
In 1935, the first of several legendary Haynes flutes were made. George Barrere had left the New York Symphony and was developing a solo career. He commissioned a platinum flute #14000 from Wm. Haynes for his solo career. This flute is the first American made platinum flute. To commemorate the premiere of this important flute, Edgar Varese´ wrote Density 21.5. Barrere played this piece on the first concert he played with this flute. The price of this flute was $3,000.
In 1936, Mr. Haynes retired and moved to Florida. He enjoyed playing golf and the beautiful Florida weather. He left the company to his former wife, Lola, who ran the company until 1967.
1939 marked the passing of William Sherman Haynes. He died at his home in Florida. He is buried at Mt. Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, MA.
In 1940's, it is very difficult to get precious metals and solder, so in order to get a supply, the Wm. S. Haynes Company obtained government contracts to gain control of enough precious metals to continue to make flutes. The company made small parts that were important for the military effort during both WWI and WWII, all the while continuing to make flutes. The Wm. Haynes Company also made flutes for the military.
In 1941, Lewis Deveau joined the company. He joined the Marines in 1942 to return to Haynes in 1945. Over the years he rises through the ranks to become President and owner, passing away in 1993.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company moves to 108 Massachusetts Avenue, Boston.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company switches from using sterling silver to coin silver.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company opens its doors on 12 Piedmont Street, Boston.
Phillip Kaplan, second flutist in the Boston Symphony and Boston Pops Orchestra, is hired to be the second artistic advisor to the Wm. S. Haynes Company.
In 1958, Jean-Pierre Rampal gave his first concert in the United States at the Library of Congress in Washington DC. Rampal gave the US premiere of the Sonata for Flute and Piano by Francis Poulenc at this concert. Lola Haynes and Philip Kaplan played a major role in bringing Rampal to the United States for the first time. Rampal made his way to Boston and visited the Haynes workshop. He had his Louis Lot flute with him and asked if the Haynes Company could copy this flute, yet make the keywork sturdier and develop a better scale. The artisans at Haynes were thrilled to make a flute to his specifications and started making Rampal's first flute.
In 1959, Haynes created for Rampal flute number 29333, a French model, open hole, thin wall, 14k yellow gold flute with C footjoint. At the time, this flute is worth $1,400 and Rampal could not afford the flute. Kaplan said to Mrs. Haynes, "that flutist will be famous very soon," so the Haynes Company should help him get the flute. Rampal in time paid off the flute though his generous referrals to the Haynes Company over many years. This is to be one of four that Rampal purchased from the Wm. S. Haynes Company.
In the 1960's the Wm. S. Haynes Company averaged approximately 1,000 instruments per year. They made three styles of C flutes, the commercial model with drawn toneholes – with open or closed keys and "Y" arms, a handcrafted French model that came standard with thinwall (.014) tubing, and they continued to make wood flutes.
After, Lola Haynes' passing in 1967, the Wm. S. Haynes Company ownership is transferred to Lewis Deveau. Mr. Deveau started with the company as a flutemaker in various departments and had begun to show interest in leading the company.
The 1970's brought many of the world's prominent flutists to the Haynes Company. In 1989, Jean-Pierre Rampal along with Lewis Deveau and Phillip Kaplan help Michel Debost choose a Haynes flute for his personal collection.
1981 brought new innovations based on the modern flutist's needs. The Deveau scale is created as collaboration between Lewis Deveau and Phillip Kaplan. It was first intended as an improved A=440 scale, and later modified to A=442. Headjoint designs were studied during this time. Careful research led to innovations such as varying riser height, over-cutting, under-cutting, and lipplate design signaled the end of the "old style traditional" headjoints.
In 1993 Anne Deveau succeeds her late husband as president and runs the company until her own untimely death in 1995.
In 1995, the Presidency of the Wm. S. Haynes Company is passed to foreman, John C. Fuggetta. He runs Haynes until his untimely death in 2001. From 2001 - early 2004 the Fuggetta family operates Haynes.
In February 2004, the Eastman Music Company purchases the William S. Haynes Company. Flutist, Qian Ni, owns Eastman. When he came to Boston from Beijing, China in 1991 to study the flute, Ni was directed by his teacher to purchase a headjoint to improve his sound. Anxious to develop an American sound, he found himself at the Wm. S. Haynes Company. When the Wm. S. Haynes Company came available, Mr. Ni loved that he had a chance to purchase the venerable Haynes Company, so he acquired the company.
November 2009 – James Galway visits the Wm. S. Haynes Company to choose a flute. He picks up a 19.5k rose gold flute and plays it for an encore that evening with the Boston Symphony.
The Wm. S. Haynes Company moves to a state of the art facility at 68 Nonset Path, Acton, Massachusetts.
Haynes introduces full pinless mechanism that is phased into all new custom flutes.
The William S. Haynes Company celebrates its 125th Anniversary with 125 concerts during this important year.
Today, a carefully selected team of artisans create each flute using the time-honored ideas developed over many years that create a tone in a Wm. S. Haynes flute sought after throughout the world. The greatest flutists still seek a Haynes flute for it's colorful, yet powerful tone; flexible, yet resilient sound; and silky with remarkably clean pearl-like articulation.